The goal of Orbital Assembly is to form the first Turn-key Space Construction Company designed to build any structure in space quickly and with precision. Our near term goal is to assemble small to medium sized projects. Our long term goal is to create a powerful space construction industry able to complete any sized projects ranging from LEO to lunar orbit.
Orbital Assembly will become a buyer of space construction equipment from engineering firms all over the world producing machines and tools designed for Space: Fabrication, Assembly and Construction (FAC). By becoming a buyer instead of a producer of such equipment we will create a market place for equipment designed for Space FAC and thus will help formulate a space construction industry. A single business no matter how popular can falter, just look at the existential threat to Apple before Jobs came back. But an entire Industry can weather gains and losses and continue to advance.
But to have a space construction industry you need both projects that need building and equipment to build it.
Projects that need to be built
Equipment to build structures in space
Our goal is to give customers a Price Quote and a Time to Build (based on the number of launches and the complexity of assembly) for any project regardless of orbit or inclination. For the first few years our ambitions will be limited to Earth orbit, but as our capabilities expand we will begin to accept construction jobs beyond Cis-lunar space.
To have a space construction company, you will need to have projects to build. We are at a unique time in our history where many space agencies, ventures, and interest groups possess a desire to have assets in space to achieve their goals. Listed are a few of the many projects Orbital Assembly will be able to construct:
Near Term Projects
Space Hotels & Suites
Bigalow B-2100, BA-330Bigalow Aerospace - Robert Bigelow founded Bigelow Aerospace to continue work on expandable habitats. The company’s mission is to provide safe and low-cost commercial space platforms for low Earth orbit, the moon and beyond. "We will offer destinations to go to." (We are) “looking at deploying two habitats in the year 2020."– Robert Bigalow, Bigalow Aerospace.
Orbital TechnologiesOfficially dubbed the ‘Commercial Space Station’, this Russian company’s space hotel expects to welcome its first guests well before 2020, accommodating up to six people at 217 miles above the surface. Travelling at approximately 30,000kph in the earth’s lower orbit, the space station will offer visitors all of the amenities expected of a hotel, from gourmet foods to high quality bedding and in-built showers. -DOTW
Axiom SpaceHouston-based company Axiom Space envisions its off-Earth outpost — the first pieces of which are scheduled to launch in 2020 — initially taking the reins from the International Space Station (ISS), serving as a base for research and a destination for national astronauts and deep-pocketed tourists. – Space.com
Galactic Suite DesignGalactic Suite Space Resort. The Barcelona-based company plans to open the first space hotel if all goes according to plan. Their designs have changed many times over the last ten years but not their resolve: Galactic Suite Design is the lead company in a consortium of companies fielding the Barcelona Moon Team in the Google Lunar X Prize. - Wikipedia
Space-Based TelescopesEver since The Hubble Telescope was launched in 1990, astronomers have dreamed of much bigger space based telescopes allowing humankind to see further into our universe than ever before. Just over a year from now, the last deployable space telescope will be launched and the whole world will wait to see if it will succeeded in its complex off-world erection. We sincerely hope it succeeds, otherwise a 9 billion dollar piece of space junk will be floating out at L2. Either way, success or failure, space construction will take over as the method of creating big telescopes of the future. Now is the time to develop the tools and techniques to create these massive structures that will bring the biggest mysteries, from the farthest reaches of our universe, into our field of view.
NASA LuvoirThe Large UV/Optical/IR Surveyor (LUVOIR) is a concept for a highly capable, multi-wavelength space observatory with ambitious science goals. This mission would enable great leaps forward in a broad range of science, from the epoch of reionization, through galaxy formation and evolution, star and planet formation, to solar system remote sensing. LUVOIR also has the major goal of characterizing a wide range of exoplanets, including those that might be habitable - or even inhabited. – NASA Astrophysics Science Division
HDSTHDST will have unprecedented image clarity and sensitivity in the UV and optical and will be able to search nearby Earth-like planets for signs of life. Equipped with a versatile instrument package to optimize its scientific yield, HDST would be operated as a general observatory supporting a broad range of astronomical observations that seek answers to some of our most profound questions. - AURA Association of Universities in Astronomy.
CopernicusOrbital Assembly - The Copernicus Telescope Project is a space-based telescope concept whose key ambition is to be built fast in LEO for a much lower cost than current space based telescopes, and of a comparable size to ground based telescopes. The primary mirror should be 20-25 meters using mirror segments of 1.4 meters for ease of assembly. The driving factor will be the cost of the mirrors. Will space-based telescopes always take 15-20 years to go from project start to orbit? We hope the Copernicus Telescope Project will end that legacy. There are many other great ideas for building Space-based telescopes. We need to start these projects so we can learn from them. What are the best sized mirror segments?, What is the best kind of Starshade? Best Sunshade? We have planned long enough, there are many plans, lets build one.
On-Orbit Solar Power StationsIn 1999, NASA's Space Solar Power Exploratory Research and Technology program (SERT) was initiated for the following purposes:
- Perform design studies of selected flight demonstration concepts.
- Evaluate studies of the general feasibility, design, and requirements.
- Create conceptual designs of subsystems that make use of advanced SSP technologies to benefit future space or terrestrial applications.
- Formulate a preliminary plan of action for the U.S. (working with international partners) to undertake an aggressive technology initiative.
- Construct technology development and demonstration roadmaps for critical Space Solar Power (SSP) elements.
- The increasing global energy demand is likely to continue for many decades resulting in new power plants of all sizes being built.
- The environmental impact of those plants and their impact on world energy supplies and geopolitical relationships can be problematic
- Many renewable energy sources are limited in their ability to affordably provide the base load power required for global industrial development and prosperity, because of inherent land and water requirements.
- Based on their Concept Definition Study, space solar power concepts may be ready to reenter the discussion.
- Solar power satellites should no longer be envisioned as requiring unimaginably large initial investments in fixed infrastructure before the emplacement of productive power plants can begin.
- Space solar power systems appear to possess many significant environmental advantages when compared to alternative approaches.
- Space solar power may well emerge as a serious candidate among the options for meeting the energy demands of the 21st century. Space Solar Power Satellite Technology Development at the Glenn Research Center—An Overview. James E. Dudenhoefer and Patrick J. George, NASA Glenn Research Center, Cleveland, Ohio.
Fueling StationsIt has long been the ambition to refuel many different types of spacecraft in many orbital elevations. The basic idea of creating space fuel depots has come of age and space construction will be ready to create such assets. ULA’s ACES may be the first craft designed for such a purpose, how long before multiples are gathered together to create fuel repositories in LEO, GSO? These depots will need a frame to hold fuel tanks, and a system of pumps and feeds to refill transitory craft. Building these Fuel depots will be job of space construction companies like Orbital Assembly.
Cis-Lunar SpaceRecently, we are all hearing more talk of building space stations and placing assets in Cis-lunar space to prepare for later missions to Mars. A major asset there,will be a fuel depot so craft may refuel after a Trans-lunar Injection.
Deep SpaceNeither NASA, nor any other space agency has ever tried to refuel a craft in space. The deeper into space a craft is built to go the more valuable they are. Mars is a good example of where NASA has many valuable assets in play. To be able to refuel such craft in Martian orbit would create significant savings in replacement costs. Images courtesy of Kerbal Space Program.
Deep Space NetworkThe Deep Space Network(DSN) currently consists of three deep-space communications facilities placed 120 degrees apart in three nations around the Earth. The first is located in Barstow, California, and is called The Goldstone Deep Space Communications Complex. The second in located in Madrid, Spain, and the third is in Canberra Australia.
These large radio reception dishes provide communications to all probes and spacecraft on and around worlds in the outer reaches of our solar system.
The current DSN has been going to higher frequencies, notably Ka-band. The problem is that Ka-band is far more susceptible to weather than the S- and X-band frequencies that have been NASA's staple in the past, so a rainstorm can completely obliterate a Ka-band signal, both uplink and downlink. Orbiting communication assets wouldn't be susceptible to such interference.
So, what would this new space-based DSN look like? Here are is an idea from Dr. Thomas Spilker, Consultant at JPL for deep space missions and Chief Architect for the Gateway Foundation:
“It can be one big reflector, or it can be a bunch of smaller apertures whose outputs are added, with the proper phase coherence, to yield the signal that a much larger single reflector of the same total area could produce. One of the advantages of many small apertures is that when you don't need all of them to be arrayed to point at something at, say, Neptune, you could have smaller subsets of them arrayed and pointing at different parts of the sky, allowing coverage of multiple spacecraft at a time.”
Whatever design is chosen to replace the current DSN, Orbital Assembly will be ready to build it.
Space ElevatorsThe Space Elevator is based on a thin vertical tether stretched from the ground to a mass far out in space, and electric vehicles (climbers) that drive up and down the tether. The rotation of the Earth keeps the tether taut and capable of supporting the climbers. The climbers travel at speeds comparable to a fast train, and carry no fuel on board – they are powered by a combination of sunlight and laser light projected from the ground. While the trip to space takes several days, climbers are launched once per day. – International Space Elevator Consortium (ISEC). To build a space elevator will require the use of space construction companies building Apex Anchor structures, Geo Nodes, and equipment to string the tethers that will make-up the elevator shaft itself. Space Elevators are still 25-30 years away unless we have a materials breakthrough, but when the time comes, Orbital Assembly will have the needed equipment to build this magnificent structure.
Large Space Based Laser Arrays for Pushing Probes to Other Solar Systems
Breakthrough StarshotBreakthrough Initiatives - Yuri Milner is starting a program to seek out intelligent alien life beyond our planet, his ambition, funded through Breakthrough Initiatives is investing another $100 million after putting up the first $100 Million last year. The Alpha Centauri star system is 25 trillion miles (4.37 light years) away. With today’s fastest spacecraft, it would take about 30,000 years to get there. Breakthrough Starshot aims to establish whether a gram-scale nanocraft, on a sail pushed by a light beam, can fly over a thousand times faster. It brings the Silicon Valley approach to space travel, capitalizing on exponential advances in certain areas of technology since the beginning of the 21st century.
- StarChip: Moore’s law has allowed a dramatic decrease in the size of microelectronic components. This creates the possibility of a gram-scale wafer, carrying cameras, photon thrusters, power supply, navigation and communication equipment, and constituting a fully functional space probe.
- Lightsail: Advances in nanotechnology are producing increasingly thin and light-weight metamaterials, promising to enable the fabrication of meter-scale sails no more than a few hundred atoms thick and at gram-scale mass.
- The rising power and falling cost of lasers, consistent with Moore’s law, lead to significant advances in light beaming technology. Meanwhile, phased arrays of lasers (the ‘light beamer’) could potentially be scaled up to the 100 gigawatt level.
- Breakthrough Initiatives
The Gateway SpaceportThe Gateway Foundation –The Gateway Spaceport is designed around the concept of two principles that work very well in our society: Transportation Infrastructure, like airports and seaports; and construction techniques that we use to build large structures like Permanent Modular Construction. Aviation infrastructure and airlines have connected the entire world. Almost anyone living in a free country can board a jet and go 8000 miles anywhere in the world within hours. Try to go only 300 mile straight up and even the richest person may not get there. Why? Because we have no transportation infrastructure there. Orbital Assembly is being formed to change that. Orbital Assembly will start by building smaller structures, this will allow us to develop the tools and machines to build bigger more complex structures that we need, like the Gateway. The Gateway Spaceport will be built in sections that can be expanded upon: Hub, LGA ring, LGA Recreation Area, MGA ring, MGA Recreation Area. It is the manner of its construction and flexible design that will allow it to be functional at each section’s completion: The Hub is the spaceport and will be functional upon completion. The LGA habitation ring will expand the spaceports habitable area a ten times more and the Recreation Area, ten fold again, and so on, and so on. The Gateway Spaceport design is not as big as other designs but it will allow for multiple Spacelines to compete for slots and therefore drive down the cost of access to space to lows previously unheard of. As permanent habitation the Gateway would not be very impressive, maybe 400-500 people continuously, but as a transfer point for people going to the moon with a short stay it could handle almost 100,000 people a year. It will be a Gateway for humankind to the solar system.
AsgardiaAsgardia is a fully-fledged and independent nation, and a future member of the United Nations - with all the attributes this status entails: a government and embassies, a flag, a national anthem and insignia, and so on. Asgardia, officially known as the Space Kingdom of Asgardia, is a proposal for a nation announced on 12 October 2016 by Igor Ashurbeyli, the founder of the Aerospace International Research Center and Chairman of UNESCO's Science of Space Committee. The proposed nation intends to access outer space free of the control of existing nations, and to be recognized as a nation state. - Wikipedia
To build anything well, you have to have the right tools. Listed here are a collection of space construction machines we want to have in our inventory to build some of the projects that will forever change our emergence into our solar system or assist in our understanding of the universe. This list is far from complete, many more tools and machines will join this page as we move forward with our ambitions.
ISS Crew Transport
ISS Crew Transport
The best place to stage the first space construction project is clearly the International Space Station. Retasking part or all of its habitation and science labs will not be cheap or easy, but it might save a lot of time in getting the ball rolling for space construction.
The first project will most likely start in a resonant orbit to maintain a safe distance from ISS and yet be accessible to the construction crew. To convey the construction crew and tools between the ISS and the project work site will require a crew transport vehicle that can accommodate all of our needs. Since NASA has created the Commercial Crew Program such vehicles are available.
Here are contenders:
Space Exploration Technologies: Dragon
Sierra Nevada: Dreamchaser
Boeing: CST-100 Starliner
Large Structure Building Machines
Large Structure Building Machines
Gateway Foundation – Gateway Segment Assembly Line. The GSAL is an automated assembly system designed to create segments of a structure. The segments are then welded together to form the whole structure. This method of construction is called permanent modular construction. The GSAL will consist of a number of workstations, each with a different assignment. Each will assemble semi complete segments much like aircraft manufacturers and shipyards do. It may all sound very sophisticated, but in reality, the GSAL is just an assembly line in space.
Tethers Unlimited – The Trusselator is a growth program based on the 3D printing capabilities of the SpiderFab Spinneret. It produces multiple trusses and connects them to form 2nd order “Truss of Trusses”. Trusselator is an innovative method of quickly producing massive trusses for large antennas, solar collecting structures, and reflectors.
Construction Worker Habitation
To have construction projects produce results takes weeks, months, and sometimes years. Vital to keeping the project moving forward are pressurized modules for people to live in while they coordinate the construction activities of bots, pods and drones. There are three main areas that would need to be present in construction worker habitation: a construction control and coordination area, a repair and maintenance area, and a worker rest area. The following habitats are actively used in space or will soon be ready for the roles needed for space construction habitation.
The International Space Station –The ISS is an excellent venue for the first construction site habitation. Although, the actual construction site would be a few miles away for ISS crew safety, it would still be close enough for construction workers to rest, work on tools and machines, and it could act as a base for construction control and coordination. It would be a shame to see ISS burn in 2024 when it could have a new life as a space construction base and testing area.
Bigalow Aerospace has been working on expandable habitation modules for over 10 years. Some of the modules were launched years ago into orbit and are still up there holding pressure! These lightweight expandable modules which also provide more working space than modules used on the ISS could be perfect for future work sites in higher or polar orbits.
Axiom Space LLC
Newly formed Axiom Space has a proposed module that could serve as a basis for a new station if the venture gets properly funded. We expect great things from this well staffed company.
The ISS was built using the spacesuit used on the shuttle over 30 years ago. The EMU was updated in 1998, but it means it is still 19 years old. Although, the EMU was used in assembling the ISS, it lacks several of the features that newer suits offer, and the necessary communication systems needed to build structures using robotic assets. In short, a new suit is needed.
ILC Dover has been working on the Z-1/Z-2 space suits for years and has some very exciting developments. Both suits are high pressure suits that relieve astronauts from pre-breathing pure oxygen for several hours before an EVA to prevent “the bends.” Also, the Z-1 has a suit-port dock mechanism that allows for easy entry through an air-lock when the backpack is ported to it. We would like to see more hard sided protection and a wrist communicator that allows control of construction assets, to reduce crush hazards in assembly zones.
The Dave Clark company has been making spacesuits for years for Air Force missions and SpaceX has expressed a desire to make their own. Expect to see more players in this area of Space FAC soon.
Frame Building Machines
Frame Building Machines
Almost every structure to be built will require a frame with which actuators, ACS modules and communication systems will be mounted. There may be a time when such frame building machines can operate without a support crew, but for the foreseeable future, astronauts and bots will be present to assist in the construction and ensure the assembly goes as planned..
Made in space’s Archinaut enables a wide range of in-space manufacturing and assembly capabilities by combining space-proven robotic manipulation with additive manufacturing demonstrated on the International Space Station (ISS) and in terrestrial laboratories. Archinaut enables fundamentally new spacecraft designs and reduces the costs associated with qualifying a satellite for launch. The synergy of its manufacturing and assembly capabilities are critical to constructing an entire spacecraft on orbit.
Tethers Unlimited’s SpiderFab is a revolutionary frame building device designed with a suite of technologies to enable on-orbit fabrication of large spacecraft components such as antennas, solar panels, trusses, and other multifunctional structures.
JPL’s robotically assembled, modular space telescope frame (RAMST)
RAMST utilizes a bot to erect a layer of identical deployable hexagonal truss modules (DTMs), each supporting one mirror module holding multiple mirror segments. Individual mirror segments are mounted on a rigid body actuator platform within the mirror module.
Equipment Transport Vehicle (EqT)
Equipment Transport Vehicle
To transport all of the construction equipment from one work site (orbit, altitude) to another will require a transport vehicle designed for just such a purpose. This vehicle would not be needed for a while if ISS could be used as a base of operations for coming space construction projects. But eventually other projects will need to be built in other orbits and elevations that will require the construction of this vehicle.
So, what would it look like? We only have basic drawings, but we can describe in detail what we would need in words. First, it must house the crew and all of their equipment. That means a habitation module, a refurbishment and repair module, and a Construction Control Center (3C). Next, EqT will have bays for equipment (bots, pods, drones). These bays must be able to charge batteries, reload any needed propellant, and upgrade onboard software. EqT will have a big engine to take it where it needs to go and an escape/reentry vehicle (maybe 2) to bring the crew home after each job. EqT will be big, expensive, and very cool.
Got an idea of how this spacecraft might look? Send us your image! Best 3 images by June 1 2018 will be placed on this website for a vote and the first prize winner (1) will get a Gateway Foundation polo shirt free. Two (2) second place contestants will get a Gateway Foundation poster and three (3) third place contestants a Gateway Foundation mug.
Remember, we expect it to be a design that can be expanded upon as more equipment requirements come up. Example: the first part will be a launchable habitation craft (we call the Miyaki Transport) like we have in this drawing below. After Miyaki reaches orbit, a large equipment charging ring with more fuel tanks and usable storage areas (the Spilker Equipment Ring) will be built around it.
Options: If a big enough RCS engine were put on the Miyaki Transport then more than one Spilker Equipment Ring could be added for jobs in higher orbits requiring more Delta Vee. This stackable ring option could add enough fuel for a Trans-lunar injection (TLI).
Arms and Pods
Canadarm2 and JEMRMSarm:
MDA of Canada has created an amazing Arm that can move itself to many places on ISS like an inch-worm by plugging into one of many Arm mounts all over the ISS exterior hull.
The Remote Manipulator System (JEMRMS) is a 10m long robotic arm, intended to service the Japanese Kibo’sExposed Facility. It was not made for construction and is fixed in place.
The limitations that arms have are mostly bypassed with pods, that is, when you move an object with an arm like a cargo craft, then, what the Arm is anchored to will move in the opposite direction. With ISS, this not so important, it weighs 1 million pounds, it won’t move much. But if you were using a Arm in building a space telescope frame which is much lighter, it might move a lot. Pods do not have this problem. Plus, pods can move things over along distance, where arms have limited reach.There is an effort right now to develop the first pod:
Genesis Engineering – Single Person Spacecraft
This first generation pod is designed for servicing and exploration of ISS, NEOs, and satellites. It can be piloted or tele-operated. Using the same atmosphere as the host vehicle it provides immediate access to space without pre-breathing or airlock. Integral propulsion enables rapid translation to the work site. It is sized to for all crew members providing shirt sleeve operations of conventional displays and controls. With a few modifications we believe this pod could be very useful in many Space FAC operations. (courtesy Genesis Eng.)
Orbital Assembly will fund the development of a large robust Construction Pod.This pod will be designed to both push or pull heavy loads and work in coordination with other pods, bots or drones networking in a space assembly work site rich with other coordinating space construction assets. This pod will be operated manually, autonomously, or in a remotely operated manner.
Orbital Assembly has done more work on developing Drones than any other Space FAC tool because they are an excellent entry level space tool for small companies to license.
Orbital Assembly will develop three drones designed for EOR to be tested and developed at ISS:EOR – Errant Object Retrieval
This near proximity retrieval drone is a crawler type drone designed as the second line of EOR for things outside of the astronauts reach.
The Observer Drone
This drone will function as an “Eye in the Sky” to watch astronauts and Robots work. Its near term application will be to spot tools and parts as they float away and call attention to the crew for retrieval.
Retriever Drone is a flyer type drone designed to fetch errant tools and parts moving away from the work area that Frog’s Tongue cannot reach.
Each of these drones will become models for future drones that will be vital tools for construction when big things start to be built.
(Space Construction Robots)
Drones and pods could seem like bots when operating in an autonomous mode. But when we mention bots here, we are talking about robotic construction droids taking a somewhat human form and capable of performing human tasks. Example: we would not expect a drone or pod to be able to operate an airlock, these are tools designed to perform a limited set of tasks. But a bot should have a broad range of capabilities allowing humans to reside in safe place while the bot takes risks too high for us to consider.
NASA GM (General Motors)Robonaut 2 is asecond generation bot in development at the Dextrous Robotics Laboratory at NASA’s Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas. This bot has shown the extraordinary potential that future bots can bring to Space FAC. In development since 1997, it has yet to make an EVA outside of The ISS.
JPL (Jet Propulsion Laboratory)Robosimian took 2nd place at the Darpa robotics competition in Pomona CA. in 2015.
But the first prize winner was the South Korean Kaist robot which shows that maybe the best bots will not come big national space agencies, but smaller parties whose focus and dedication may push them to the front.
MDA (MacDonald Dettwiler)Dexter might the first bot to ever make a EVA outside the ISS. Although Dex has no legs(it has to be moved with the Canadarm2) it does have four arms: two for cameras, two for tools. This amazing bot can perform maintenance, assembly, and give its operators eyes-on to whatever task is at hand. It is too bad NASA did not choose to develop this bot further.
There are many, many, more bots being designed every year that will fill our needs in building structures in space. But for a long time, we will still need men and women in spacesuits to get the job done.
Orbital Assembly Team
John Blincow has worked as a pilot for 24 years, flying all over the world in such aircraft as the Boeing 757, DC-10, and Boeing 747-400. John Blincow’s experience as a pilot instructor includes United Airlines, Boeing Flight Safety, and as a security instructor for The Transportation Security Administration (TSA). John Blincow graduated with a B.A. from Cal State San Bernardino in 1996.
Dr. Thomas Spilker
Dr. Thomas Spilker
Dr. Thomas R. Spilker earned his Ph.D. from Stanford University and then worked for more than 20 years as both a scientist and engineer at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retiring in 2012, he started his own consulting business as a space flight mission architect. Tom worked on NASA’s Voyager, Cassini, and Genesis missions, and is a Co-Investigator for the MIRO instrument on ESA’s Rosetta mission.
Chris served in the US Marine Corps for 10 years with honor and pride, and now delivers the same dedication towards producing highly detailed graphic images of sophisticated machines for space construction. Chris has worked as a 3D artist for many popular TV programs and many prestigious government agencies like NASA , Boeing, and more.
James Anthony Wolff, Esq.
Director of Business Development and Legal Affairs
James Anthony Wolff, Esq.
Mr. Wolff received his undergraduate degree from Johns Hopkins University and his Juris Doctorate from New York Law School. His corporate portfolio includes co-founder of Deep Space Industries, an asteroid mining and space utilities company based at NASA Ames Space Center, C.E.O. of D-shape Enterprises, a mega-scale stone and regolith 3D printing technology, and co-C.E.O of Food by Print, a food 3D printing company. Mr. Wolff is an Executive board member at-large for the United Nations Association, serving on the Southern District Division of New York committee. Mr. Wolff is an associate at Anderson & Anderson LLP, a global business and intellectual property law firm specializing in Asian development.
Thermal Systems Engineering
Robert Miyake worked at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory for more than 30 years retiring in 2011, as a Lead Thermal System and Systems Engineer in design, test, and flight operations. Robert also was the thermal systems lead for advanced technology development and future missions. He worked on NASA’s missions; SeaSat, TOPEX, MGS, IAE, and, WF/PC and other flight instruments.
Jeffery Greenblatt Ph.D
Director of Integrated Systems
Jeffery Greenblatt Ph.D
Jeffery Greenblatt has a Ph.D in chemistry from the University of California, Berkeley. He has spent the past 15 years in energy, sustainability, emerging technology assessment, and integrated system analysis, and has published high-profile studies of renewable energy systems, artificial photosynthesis, autonomous vehicles and greenhouse gas reduction strategies. He has worked in non-profit, tech and government research sectors, including 2.5 years at NASA and 8 years at a U.S. national laboratory. For the past 3 years he has been focusing on Space technology and resource assessment, and in 2016 founded Emerging Futures, LLC, a space technology consultancy.
Rod Pyle is a space author, journalist and historian who has authored eleven books on space history, exploration and development for major publishers that have been published in seven languages. He is Editor-at-Large for the National Space Society’s magazine Ad Astra, and his frequent articles have appeared in Space.com, LiveScience, Futurity, Huffington Post and WIRED. Hi writes for NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory and Caltech, and authored the Apollo Executive Leadership Program for The Conference Board and NASA’s Johnson Space Center. Rod has an MA from Stanford University and a BFA from the Art Center College of Design.